Mclaren F1,the Fastest deal on wheels and truly an ultimate road car
The Mclaren F1 car is brilliant!! and it is a very expensive toy but its worth every penny.To be honest I can't explain in words how fast this car is, but if you ever get the chance to own or sit in one then you MUST! if you are willing to experience SERIOUS g-force and incredible power then go for it.
It is a super car designed and manufactured by McLaren Automotive. Originally a concept conceived by Gordon Murray, he convinced Ron Dennis to back the project and engaged Peter Stevens to design the exterior of the car.
On 31 March 1998, it set the record for the fastest road car in the world, 240 mph (386 km/h). As of Jan 2011, the F1 is still the fastest naturally aspirated road car in the world.
One of the most important aspects of the Mclaren F1's design was weight, and the Mclaren F1 team had a target weight of just 1000 kgs (2205 lbs). To hit this goal every component of the F1 was specifically designed to be as light as possible. The body was made from carbon fiber and the engine bay was lined with gold leaf to reflect the heat.
The Mclaren F1 story began back in 1988 with Mclaren's decision to create the ultimate road going supercar. The design team, headed by Gordon Murray, was not constricted by budget or expenses and the stylish body panels penned by Peter Stevens hid some of the most advanced technology of the time.
Gordon Murray insisted that the engine for this car be naturally aspirated to increase reliability and driver control. Turbochargers and superchargers increase power but they increase complexity and can decrease reliability as well as introducing an additional aspect of latency and loss of feedback.
BMW M headed by engine expert Paul Rosche designed and built Murray a 6.1 L (6064 cc) 60-degree V12 engine called the BMW S70/2. At 627 hp (468 kW; 636 PS)and 266 kg (586 lb) the BMW engine ended up 14% more powerful and 16 kg (35 lb) heavier than Gordon Murray's original specifications, with the same block length.
It has an aluminium alloy block and head, with 86 mm (3.4 in) x 87 mm (3.4 in) bore/stroke, quad overhead camshafts with variable valve-timing (a relatively new and unproven technology for the time) for maximum flexibility of control over the four valves per cylinder, and a chain drive for the camshafts for maximum reliability.
The McLaren F1 was the first production road car to use a complete carbon fibre reinforced plastic (CFRP) monocoque chassis structure. Aluminium and magnesium were used for attachment points for the suspension system, inserted directly into the CFRP.
Inside, the three seat layout of the Mclaren F1 was a unique solution few cars have emulated since even though it was practical and improved the drivers experience.
It was decided that the ride should be comfortable yet performance-oriented, but not as stiff and low as that of a true track machine, as that would imply reduction in practical use and comfort as well as increasing noise and vibration, which would be a contradictory design choice in relation to the former set premise, the goal of creating the ultimate road car.
Therefore, they built the suspensiondouble wishbone system with an unusual design. Longitudinal wheel compliance is included without loss of wheel control, which allows the wheel to travel backwards when it hits a bump increasing the comfort of the ride.
In testing the Mclaren F1 achieved record breaking performance figures, 0-60 mph in 3.2 seconds, 0-100 mph in 6.3 seconds, and a top speed of 240 mph.
Only 106 cars were manufactured, 64 of which were the standard street version (F1), 5 were LMs (tuned versions), 3 were longtail roadcars (GT), 5 prototypes (XP), 28 racecars (GTR), and 1 LM prototype (XP LM). Productionbegan in 1992 and ended in 1998. At the time of production one machine took around 3.5 months to make.
Up until 1998, when McLaren produced and sold the standard F1 models, they had a price tag of around $970,000.
Today the cars can sell for up to nearly twice that of the original price, due to the performance and exclusivity of the machine. They are expected to further increase in value over time.
other model came as off shoots from the Mclaren F1 such as
Only five McLaren F1 LM (LM for Le Mans) cars were built in honour of the five McLaren F1 GTRs which finished the 1995 24 Hours of Le Mans, including taking the overall win.
Using the highly tuned race engine making 680 horsepower, and weighing 60 kgs (132 lbs) less than the standard car, the McLaren F1 LM was the highest spec roadgoing Mclaren F1 available. The McLaren F1 LM also features the race car aerodynamic bodywork, gearbox and 18" inch wheels.
The LM has the following performance figures: peak torque of 705.0 Nm (520.0 ft·lbf) at 4500 rpm and peak power of 680 PS (500 kW) at 7800 rpm, it has a redline at 8500 rpm. The total weight of 1,062 kg (2,341 lb) gives the car a 110.16 bhp (82 kW; 112 PS) per litre ratio.
Officially recorded acceleration times are 0-60 mph (97 km/h) in 2.9 seconds and 0-100 mph (161 km/h) in 5.9 seconds. The LM was once the holder of the 0-100-0 mph record, which it completed in 11.5 seconds when driven by Andy Wallace at the disused airbase RAF Alconbury in Cambridgeshire.
All 5 of the F1 LM's produced were painted in Papaya orange, paying homage to the racing colors used by Bruce Mclaren on his F1 and Can Am race cars.
The final incarnation of the roadcar, the F1 GT was meant as a homologation special. With increased competition from homologated sports cars from Porsche and Mercedes-Benz in the former BPR Global GT Series and new FIA GT Championship, McLaren required extensive modification to the F1 GTR in order to remain competitive. These modifications were so vast that McLaren would be required to build a production road-legal car on which to base the new race cars.
The F1 GTs were built from standard F1 road car chassis, retaining their production numbers. The prototype GT, known as XPGT, was F1 chassis #056, and is still kept by McLaren. The company technically only needed to build one car and did not even have to sell it.
However, demand from customers drove McLaren to build two production versions that were sold. The customer F1 GTs were chassis #054 and #058.
With sleek, aggressive bodywork and dramatic new wheel-arch louvres the McLaren F1 GT is probably the most striking version of the F1 roadcar.Powering the McLaren F1 GT is a hand-built McLaren BMW S 70/2 6.1-litre V12 engine which develops 627 horsepower @ 7,500 rpm, and 651 Nm (480 lb/ft) of torque @ 5,600 rpm.
The F1 GT Featured a redesigned interior, upholstered in fine Connolly leather and Alcantara suede.
Mclaren F1 GTR
Following its initial launch as a road car, motorsports teams convinced McLaren to build racing versions of the F1 to compete in international series. Three different versions of the race car were developed from 1995 to 1997.
Many F1 GTRs, after the cars were no longer eligible in international racing series, were converted to street use. By adding mufflers, passenger seats, adjusting the suspension for more ground clearance for public streets, and removing the air restrictors, the cars were able to be registered for road use.
The McLaren F1 GTR was a custom-built race car which introduced a modified engine management system that increased power output — however, air-restrictors mandated by racing regulations reduced the power back to 600 hp (447 kW) at 7500 RPM. The car's extensive modifications included changes to body panels, suspension, aerodynamics and the interior. The F1 GTR would go on to take its greatest achievement with 1st, 3rd, 4th, 5th, and 13th places in the 1995 24 Hours of Le Mans, beating out custom built prototype sports cars.
In total, nine F1 GTRs would be built for 1995.
F1 GTR '96
To follow up on the success of the F1 GTR into 1996, McLaren further developed the '95 model, leading to a size increase but weight decrease.
With the F1 GT homologated, McLaren could now develop the F1 GTR for the 1997 season.The engine was slightly destroked to 6.0L instead of the previous 6.1L. Due to the heavily modified bodywork, the F1 GTR '97 is often referred to as the "Longtail" thanks to the rear bodywork being extended to increase rear down force. A total of ten F1 GTR '97s were built. The weight was reduced to a total of 910 kg.
Mclaren F1 remained the fastest car in the world from March 31, 1998 until February 28, 2005 when it was beaten by Koenigsegg CCR
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